Greenpeace published a report in January this year titled Point of no Return which highlighted climate threats that should be avoided.
The report mentions that continuing on the current course will make it difficult to prevent the widespread and catastrophic impacts of climate change.
Figures has shown that the fossil fuel industry is planning 14 massive coal, oil and gas projects that could produce as much new carbon emissions in 2020 as the entire United States. According to the International Energy Agency (IEA), global carbon emissions have increased by 5 per cent in 2010, and over 3 per cent in 2011.
Carbon emissions play a large part in climate change as they trap heat in the atmosphere. It is highly recommended by Ecofys that keeping the increase in average global temperature below 2 degrees Celsius could avoid climate chaos.
Initiatives on clean and safe renewable energy also assist in avoiding climate change events. Renewable energy was said to provide over 30 per cent of new electricity production globally in 2011, which is a significant increase from less than 5 per cent in 2005.
Greenpeace has suggested that renewable energy must increase to 65 per cent of electricity production by 2035, to reduce the impact of climate change that can be seen so rapidly.
For more information, refer to the Greenpeace website.